- Inside China: Murder, Xi wrote – Washington Times– WashTimes goes with the poisoning, more bodies rumors//Various Chinese sources reported that Heywood was poisoned to death by potassium cyanide. Mr. Bo’s police chief, the would-be U.S. defector Wang Lijun, at one point informed Mr. Bo of Heywood’s death and the results of his investigation, which prompted Mr. Bo to fly into a rage and begin to pressure Mr. Wang, who, in fear of his own life, fled to the U.S. Consulate in nearby Chengdu on Feb. 6 in what would prove to be a failed attempt to defect. Mr. Wang’s attempted flight set off a chain reaction of events that ultimately led to the biggest political crisis facing Beijing since the bloody military crackdown on unarmed protesters in the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre.
Tellingly, the official arrest announcement used the unprecedented term “Bo-Gu Kailai” in describing Mr. Bo’s wife. In China, the practice of using hyphenated names for married couples is never done. The peculiar application of “Bo-Gu” as her last name is an apparent attempt by authorities in Beijing to further link Mr. Bo to his alleged murderer wife.
Under Mr. Bo’s rule first in the coastal city of Dalian and then in southern Chongqing over the past 20 years, at least six prominent figures from Bo-Gu’s inner circle died of mysterious circumstances.
- » So, bye bye Bo Xilai. Tripped up by your wife and a dead Lao Wai. Rectified.name 正名 –
- China’s Growth May Have Slowed Ahead of Wen Revival – Bloomberg – China’s economy probably expanded at the slowest pace in almost three years in the first quarter, setting the stage for monetary loosening and aid to exporters to drive a rebound and fuel global growth.
Gross domestic product rose 8.4 percent from a year earlier following an 8.9 percent increase in the fourth quarter, according to the median estimate of 41 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News ahead of a report tomorrow. The data may also show that industrial production and retail sales accelerated in March while spending on fixed assets slowed.
- Slaying of two graduate students stuns USC; LAPD seeks killer – latimes.com– One of the victims, a man in his 20s, attempted to run for help after being shot but never made it. He was found collapsed on a porch, police said. The other victim, a woman in her 20s, was found slumped over in the BMW parked in the 2700 block of South Raymond Avenue.Police said both were graduate students from China studying electrical engineering, and Los Angeles authorities were working with school officials and the Chinese consulate to notify their families.
- Philippines, China Locked in Maritime Standoff – WSJ.com– The Philippines Wednesday said it is trying to find a diplomatic solution to a tense standoff between a Philippine warship and two Chinese surveillance vessels over fishing rights in the South China Sea, as long-brewing tensions in the contested waters reach a fresh crisis point.Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario said he met with Chinese Ambassador Ma Keqing and both reaffirmed their governments’ positions that the Scarborough Shoal, where the ships are facing off, was part of their own country’s territory and neither was ready to stand down.
- China Web Censors Fight Flood of Bo Commentary – WSJ.com – Wrote pundit Sima Nan, a vociferous critic of the U.S.: “The entire party listens to the center. This is imperative. This is called being aware of the spirit of the party. But, as someone who may not be that smart but has the ability to think for himself, I honestly can’t keep up with the development of this drama.”
- 人民日报-稳中求进，央企发挥中坚作用（深化改革 攻坚克难 – 2002年至2011年，上缴税金从2926亿元增加到1.7万亿元
- 人民日报-衷心拥护党中央的正确决定 –
- 人民日报-自觉维护改革发展稳定的良好局面 –
- 人民日报-全力维护政治社会大局稳定 – 重庆干部群众坚决拥护中央决定
- 人民日报-深化改革勇为先（深化改革 攻坚克难） –
- 人民日报-人民网 – another interesting people’s daily front page
- Amazon.com: The Man Without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin (9781594488429): Masha Gessen: Books –
- Vladimir’s Tale by Anne Applebaum | The New York Review of Books – The Man Without a Face: The Unlikely Rise of Vladimir Putin
- 3 parties responsible for woman burnt to death|Hot Issues|chinadaily.com.cn – After a preliminary investigation into the death of a 27 year-old Beijing woman who suffered fatal burns after falling onto leaking underground heating pipes, the government of Beijing’s Xicheng district is holding three parties responsible.
The Beijing District Heating Group, the Wuhua Mansion property management department, and Wanhua Zhiye Ltd, the developers of Wuhua Mansion, bear responsibility for the accident, a district’s government spokesman said Wednesday.
Yang Erjing, the mother of a 7-month-old child, died Monday after suffering severe burns over 99 percent of her body. She fell into 90 C water leaking from underground pipes when a section of pavement gave away under her on Beilishi Road in the district.
- Two Chinese students shot dead in Los Angeles|Americas|chinadaily.com.cn – Two Chinese students were shot dead early Wednesday morning in West Adams area near Los Angeles, a city of the US state of California, police said.
The unidentified victims, a male and a female, died from wounds after they were shot after 1 am in the 2700 block of Raymond Ave., near 27th Street outside the University of Southern California ( USC) campus, the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) said.
- Draft copyright law enrages China’s music industry – Xinhua | English.news.cn– Chinese music writers are enraged over a draft amendment to the copyright law as they believe it would diminish their professional rights if passed.However, legal experts suggest the writers misunderstand the draft and are overreacting.
The National Copyright Administration published the draft amendment at its website on March 31 to seek public feedback.
Article 46 of the draft stipulates that sound recording producers may use a music work from another record product, which has already been published for more than three months, in their own records without having to obtain the consent from the music copyright holder, as long as they report to relevant government authorities and pay fair compensation.
- 工业明胶“食用”内幕： 小企业们的安全隐患 – 产经快讯 – 21世纪网 –
- Bo Xilai Ouster May Calm China Passage to Slower Economic Growth – Bloomberg – Bo’s removal may foster more stability in the world’s second-biggest economy ahead of the 18th Communist Party Congress, said Ronald Wan, a Hong Kong-based managing director at China Merchants Securities Co. The congress later this year will pick a new party head and Politburo. Bo, 62, threatened to upset China’s consensus-dependent leadership if he remained in the inner circle, said Jonathan Fenby, China director of the U.K. investment-research service Trusted Sources.
“It paves the way for the new leadership ahead with more stability,” Wan said in a phone interview in Hong Kong yesterday. China Merchants Securities oversees about $1.5 billion in assets.
- Story of illegally dumped chromium in China wins environmental press award | Environment | guardian.co.uk – Last summer, 5,000 tonnes of toxic chromium tailings were dumped near a Yunnan reservoir, contaminating water supplies and killing livestock. Feng Wei, winner of the ‘best scoop’ category in the 2012 China Environmental Press Awards, uncovered the story
- Letter from China: Bo Xilai and His Wife: Rumors of Murder in China : The New Yorker– In the years after the financial crisis, commentators like Thomas Friedman had become impressed with Chinese governance: “One-party autocracy certainly has its drawbacks. But when it is led by a reasonably enlightened group of people, as China is today, it can also have great advantages.” Today, we’re seeing the limitations of that system in spectacular fashion. Boston University’s Joseph Fewsmith, a watcher of Chinese politics, told the Wall Street Journal,The real question going forward is whether the new leadership that comes out in the fall can adopt up a reform agenda that answers the questions of the leftist supporters of Bo Xilai—the discontented and left behind. Can the new leaders define a reform agenda that is more inclusive?
Or maybe the question is whether they can define that reform agenda—and also solve a case of murder.
- SEC Charges China-Based Company and Others with Stock Manipulation; 2012-59; April 11, 2012– ccording to the SEC’s complaint filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts, AutoChina senior executive and director Hui Kai Yan, a former AutoChina manager, and others fraudulently traded AutoChina’s stock to boost its daily trading volume. Starting in October 2010, the defendants and others deposited more than $60 million into U.S.-based brokerage accounts and engaged in hundreds of fraudulent trades over the next three months through these accounts and accounts with a Hong Kong-based broker-dealer. The fraudulent trades included matched orders, where one account sold shares to another account at the same time and for the same price, and wash trades, which resulted in no change of beneficial ownership of the shares. AutoChina and the other defendants engaged in the scheme after lenders offered AutoChina unfavorable terms for a stock-backed loan due to low trading volume in its stock.“AutoChina and the other defendants engaged in a brazen manipulation of AutoChina’s stock to obtain favorable loan terms,” said Robert Khuzami, Director of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement. “The SEC will hold accountable publicly-traded companies including foreign companies that violate the U.S. securities laws and disrupt the U.S. capital markets.”
- Air Force’s Stealth Strike Force-Wired – Unofficially, the exercise was a proof-of-concept for the Air Force’s evolving tactics for battling China over the vast western Pacific. Of course, the Air Force would never say that. In fact, the flying branch has said very little about Operation Chimichanga, aside from an official news story containing few details. We know when and where the exercise took place, which planes were involved and, to a lesser extent, which munitions. The scenario described above is largely a recreation based on these known facts plus years of aerospace reporting and a general understanding of the Air Force’s methods and aims…
While the Alaska test apparently proved that the stealthy strike team can defeat determined enemy forces at long range, it also underscored America’s vulnerability against the fast-growing Chinese military. It takes the latest stealth fighters and upgraded bombers flying as a team to beat China, and thanks to developmental problems America has only so many of those airplanes to work with.
- China: An Insider’s Reflection on Keyword Filtering Programs · Global Voices – A computer programmer, under the pseudo name ‘smilings’, has written a reflective article at my1510.cn [zh] about his experience in developing a program for keyword filtering on mobile devices. The blogger’s account informs readers about the nature of filtering – that which entails active monitoring of individual privacy. Below is a full translation of his reflection:
- 浦东机场乘客拦飞机 | 新浪微博-随时随地分享身边的新鲜事儿 – pissed off passengers at shanghai airport storm tarmac, block plane. #onlyinchina in us u’d b shot
- Playboy son of sacked Chongqing boss back in China, say rumors｜Politics｜News｜WantChinaTimes.com– Rumors are spreading of the return to China of Bo Guagua, the son of the dismissed Chongqing party chief Bo Xilai, according to our sister newspaper China Times. The younger Bo has been studying at the John F Kennedy School of Government in the United States.There are three possibilities why Bo Guagua would give up his studies at the Harvard Kennedy School, according to Boxun, a US-based citizen journalism website covering China news. The first is that Bo’s father asked him to return to show his loyalty to the central government. The second is that the order came from Beijing to prevent Bo Guagua claiming political asylum in the United States at a time when his father is under investigation, a potentially embarrassing situation. The third is that Bo Guagua may have been forced to return having lost the economic support from his family.
- 人民日报:部分腐败人员秘密取得外籍或双重国籍_新闻_腾讯网 – 腐倡廉建设是党的建设的重要组成部分，坚决惩治和有效预防腐败是党必须始终抓好的重大政治任务。正确认识当前反腐倡廉形势，关系全党全国人民反腐败的信心和决心，关系反腐倡廉建设的总体进程。胡锦涛同志在十七届中央纪委七次全会上的重要讲话中全面总结了党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争取得的新成效和新经验，科学分析了当前的反腐倡廉形势，明确提出了今年党风廉政建设和反腐败工作的总体要求和主要任务。我们要把对反腐倡廉形势的认识统一到中央的判断上来，进一步坚定信心、加大力度，继续把反腐倡廉工作做深、做细、做实、做出成效，推动反腐倡廉形势继续向好的方向发展，迎接党的十八大胜利召开。
- 我使馆敦促菲方军舰停止侵犯我国领土主权活动_新闻中心_新浪网 – 中新社马尼拉4月11日电 (记者 张明)中国驻菲律宾大使馆发言人11日接受中新社记者采访时表示，中国驻菲使馆已就菲律宾海军军舰在中国中沙群岛黄岩岛骚扰中国渔船一事提出严正交涉，敦促菲方军舰立即停止侵犯中国领土主权的非法活动并离开黄岩岛海域。
- 严格遵守和维护党的纪律–中国共产党新闻–人民网 – 总政治部组织部 军事科学院军队政治工作研究中心
- China official’s ouster roils Chongqing, with some public dissent – latimes.com – Residents who benefited from local chief Bo Xilai’s initiatives openly defend him. But the crackdown, with sensational allegations against his wife, continues.
- Bo Suspended After Wife Suspected in British Man’s Murder – Bloomberg – “It’s another step toward putting him in jail on a very serious charge,” said Li Cheng, an analyst of Chinese politics at Washington’s Brookings Institution. “It reflects the unity of the party leadership and their plan to resolve this problem in a relatively short period of time, and move on to make sure the party congress will be held in an orderly and institutional way.”
- Chinese army to help discipline party? – The Times of India– The PLA Daily – Chinese People’s Liberation Army newspaper – on Tuesday suggested that the ruling Communist Party’s militarylinked members could step in to ensure discipline in the party “if some members try to stray from the line”.A commentary in the newspaper indicated that the army brass is worried about differences within the party ahead of the scheduled leadership change later this year while reminding its troops of the “party’s absolute leadership” over the army.
The commentary underlined the need for maintaining the “supreme political discipline of the army” and said president Hu Jintao’s orders must be obeyed to the letter.
- China’s Bo Xilai Purged From Party Posts; Gu Kailai in Custody – WSJ.com – Mr. Heywood was known to be close to the couple’s son, Bo Guagua, and was thought to have helped to arrange for his education in private schools in the U.K. The younger Mr. Bo drove around Beijing in a red Ferrari, and on one occasion used it to pick up a daughter of then-U.S. Ambassador Jon Huntsman for a dinner appointment. He is now at Harvard University…
Mr. Bo’s case is tricky for the State Department, because of Mr. Wang’s stay at the U.S. consulate in Chengdu in February. But American officials briefed on the incident said there was little serious thought of giving the Chinese official political asylum.Mr. Wang was viewed by many U.S. officials as one of Mr. Bo’s strongmen before he broke ranks, helping the party chief implement many of his policies in Chongqing. These officials said Mr. Wang was viewed as an “enforcer,” rather than a whistle blower or political activist.
These U.S. officials said the State Department told Mr. Wang it could be months before the U.S. could decide whether to grant him political asylum. As a result, the police chief decided to leave the consulate on his own following his 30-hour stay.
On Tuesday, Bo Guagua was believed to be in his Cambridge, Mass., apartment in a seven-story apartment building, which has a fitness room, sun deck and doorman. He didn’t reply to messages seeking comment. Attempts to reach the elder Mr. Bo and Ms. Gu directly and through intermediaries were unsuccessful.
- Briton’s Death Is Thrust to Center of China Scandal Over Bo Xilai – NYTimes.com– The murder investigation appears to be based on information provided by Mr. Wang, who as the top police official in Chongqing was one of Mr. Bo’s closest aides — until he sought refuge at the American consulate. Mr. Wang is now being investigated for treason for that, according to Chinese sources familiar with the case, but is being credited with having come forward with evidence in Mr. Heywood’s death.Before Mr. Heywood’s death, Mr. Bo and Mr. Wang were already under scrutiny by central disciplinary authorities over corruption and other allegations, according to these sources, and to others with ties to senior party figures. If so, the evidence of a murder would have come as an opportune development in the inner-party struggle over the new leadership lineup.
During more than 30 hours spent at the consulate, Mr. Wang told officials that Ms. Gu had plotted to poison Mr. Heywood, and turned over a police file with highly technical documents, according to people knowledgeable about the case. But Mr. Wang, these people said, also apparently revealed far more: an unprecedented trove of knowledge on the leadership struggle.
- China News Headlines | Hong Kong’s premier newspaper online | SCMP.com – Head of aviation firm Avic (GE partner) rails against calls to end public ownership of firms, seeing them as part of conspiracy to destroy the Communist Party
- 北京日报：实名的目的是唤起责任意识_新闻中心_新浪网 – expect stricter real name registration implementation for weibo
- 国内图片社交应用升温 中国难复制Instagram模式_互联网_科技时代_新浪网 –
- 王立军反映尼尔•伍德事件“有功”？_多维新闻网 – 【多维新闻】中国官媒4月10日晚间公布的消息基本对薄熙来进行了盖棺论定，然而对案发肇端当事人王立军命运却丝毫未作交代，只是在通告中强调王立军向中央反映了英商尼尔•伍德被害疑案，似可称为“有功”之人。不过鉴于王立军只身滞留美国驻成都总领事馆已是“性质严重影响恶劣”的事件，王立军即使最终不会定罪“叛国”，恐亦难免牢狱之灾。
- 薄熙来“双停” 十八大前中共重锤整肃_多维新闻网 – 中共高层已对薄熙来政治生涯进行了“盖棺定论”，毫无挽回余地，直指薄的所作所为已需扫出中共重要组织层面。。。
- Sensitive Words: The Bo Xilai Edition – China Digital Times (CDT) – As of April 10, the following search terms are blocked on Weibo (not including the “search for user” function):
- China’s latest scare: poisonous teas | beyondbrics | News and views on emerging markets from the Financial Times – FT.com– Care for some pesticides with your tea? That’s what tea drinkers in China, the world’s biggest consumer of tea, are asking themselves after the latest revelation of toxic tea leaves for sale across the country.On Wednesday, a report from Greenpeace outlined the pesticides — including carcinogenic and banned chemicals — found in 18 Chinese teas, including some of the country’s best-known brands.
Tea may have a long history in China but it has hardly been exempt from the food safety scandals that have plagued the country in recent years.
“You don’t know how many people – and for how long – have unknowingly been drinking toxic pesticides in their tea,” Wang Jing, a food and agriculture campaigner with Greenpeace, said in a statement.
- The 20 Best Nicknames in the Big Mafia Bust – New York News – Runnin’ Scared – The 20 Best Nicknames in the Big Mafia Bust http://t.co/GWPAFuOR need bo xilai equivalents bo “red” xilai? gu “killer bi” kailai?
- 广电总局：禁止网络红人及有丑闻劣迹者上电视_新闻_腾讯网 – more bans from SARFT in the name of improving TV shows. Why not do “Chongqing Corleones”?
- Reading Aaron Friedberg in Southeast Asia | Paradigm Cure– Reading Aaron Friedberg’s fascinating, informative, sometimes questionable, ultimately unsatisfying argument about China’s strategic mindset and the necessary US response, A Contest for Supremacy, many issues suggest themselves. It’s a great read, elegantly written, well-argued, highly worth one’s time even if the case doesn’t eventually persuade. His insistence on trying to see the world through the eyes of Chinese strategists—rather than seeing Chinese strategy through the eyes of an American NSC advisor with a year of Mandarin and an MA in Asian Studies—is refreshing, even if one doesn’t fully agree with the Chinese worldview he sketches out.Three notions occur on reading Friedberg, all related in a way to the character of Chinese power. We talk a great deal about “the rise of China” as if it were some obelisk heaving up from the ocean, objective and generic. In fact Chinese power is just that—Chinese power, as distinct from American power as American is distinct from Canadian and Canadian is distinct from … most everyone, really…
Because, again, the same basic argument made by George Kennan in 1946 holds, in modified form, today: We should be confident, and patient, because if we can put our house in order, our system, our values, our alliances, and our norms will prevail. Unless we screw it up–which, to be truthful, we are in the process of doing–our form of power has inherent advantages. Recognizing this, and avoiding overreactions to short-term perceived threats, will be critical to keeping our China policy in perspective.
- The Associated Press: Philippine warship in standoff with China vessels – MANILA, Philippines (AP) — The Philippines said its largest warship was engaged in a tense standoff with Chinese surveillance vessels Wednesday at a disputed South China Sea shoal, after the ship attempted to arrest Chinese fishermen but was blocked by the surveillance craft.
Foreign Secretary Albert Del Rosario summoned Chinese Ambassador Ma Keqing to resolve the dangerous impasse diplomatically. Del Rosario’s office said in a statement that the Scarborough Shoal “is an integral part of Philippine territory” and Filipino authorities would assert sovereignty over the offshore area.
The shoal lies off the northwestern Philippine province of Zambales. China and the Philippines have been disputing ownership of the shoal, in addition to the Spratly Islands and other areas in the South China Sea.
- The suicide forest of Japan: Mystery of the Mount Fuji beauty spot where up to 100 bodies are found every year | Mail Online –
- Selling Chinese companies short becomes complex – FT.com – “The shortselling game is getting more technical,” says a trader at an Asian hedge fund. “Last year, everything was going down. Now a lot of stocks are going up so you have to do a lot of fundamental work on each company and its management.”
In response, market participants say that many hedge funds are shifting their attention away from US-listed Chinese stocks and towards those listed in Hong Kong, a much bigger market given its proximity to mainland China.
- Team | Green Point Group – The GreenPoint Group team offers proven China experience and expertise, including a deep understanding of the economic, policy, and social dynamics that affect client interests in China. Our team is able to call upon an extensive relationship network composed of influential stakeholders and thought leaders in China and the United States across government, business, media, and civil society.
- William Farris – Google+ – Bo Xilai’s Son Bo Guagua Joins His Parents on Baidu’s… –
- 薄妻谷开来有香港身份证和新加坡绿卡 – Gu Kailai had a Hong Kong ID card and a Singapore Green Card?
- Muddy Waters – Narrated Frauducation on Fraud School, RINO, FSIN on Vimeo –
- China’s Giant Tencent Placing Bets on Small Silicon Valley Startups – Bloomberg – The allure of Silicon Valley has aroused China’s largest Internet company to begin investing in some of America’s smallest ones.
Tencent Holdings has funded about a half dozen young startups, many of them from prestigious business incubator Y Combinator, hoping like everyone else that its relatively small investments will lead to big payoffs.
One of its first seed investments is being put to the test today as Everyme, a new social network, opens its online doors. Tencent was the lead investor in the startup’s $1.5 million seed round, which closed in October, according to Everyme Chief Executive Officer Oliver Cameron.
Everyme, based in Menlo Park, California, lets people share messages and photos with groups that are arranged automatically based on a user’s address book and Facebook activity.
“We kind of agreed with their thesis that there’s a lot of value in the address book,” said David Wallerstein, a senior executive vice president for Tencent, who is based in Palo Alto, California. Other investors included Andreessen Horowitz, Greylock Partners, Ron Conway’s SV Angel and Michael Arrington’s CrunchFund.
- 4000万灰色利益链起底：北京彻查购房资格舞弊 – 产经快讯 – 21世纪网 – 核心提示：“目前的市场价是3万-10万不等，除非购房者自己内部能找到关系，可以拿下1.5万。”
- 人民日报-人民网 – Bo Xilai Suspension makes front page pf People’s Daily
- Urgent Notice on Network and Information Security – China Digital Times (CDT)– Urgent: Regarding Network and Information SecurityStarting today, according to a joint announcement from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Public Security, and Ministry of Culture, all departments are to launch a real-name-registration based crackdown for network and information security between April 1, 2012 and August 1, 2012. During this period, all clients are to suspend all services involving unregistered domain names, content related to pornography, gambling, or drug, illegal discussion forums, and counter-political activities*. This will be a wide-range, large-scale, and long-lasting operation.
- ‘Goodbye Everybody': China’s Social Media Censors Battle the Bo Xilai Deluge – China Real Time Report – WSJ –
- Shadow Banks on Trial as China’s Rich Sister Faces Death – Bloomberg – When a Chinese court sentenced 28- year-old Wu Ying, known as “Rich Sister,” to death for taking $55.7 million from investors without paying them back, it sparked an unexpected firestorm that has drawn in China’s top leadership.
- Firmly support correct decision of CPC Central Committee: People’s Daily|chinadaily.com.cn – Based on the facts made public so far, the Wang Lijun incident is a serious political event leaving very negative impacts at home and abroad, and the death of Neil Heywood is a serious criminal case involving the family and close staff of a Party and state leader, the article says.
Bo has seriously violated the Party discipline, causing damage to the cause and the image of the Party and state, it says.
The CPC Central Committee, with Hu Jintao as the general secretary, has resolutedly moved to investigate into related events, seriously handle the situation and inform the public promptly, displaying the strong sense of responsibility to the cause of the Party and people as well as firm commitment to the socialist rule of law.
The facts have proven that the CPC stands for the people, accepts their supervision, never compromises on corruption and will probe and punish any violations of law and discipline, the article says.
- 人民日报评论员：坚决拥护党中央的正确决定_新闻中心_新浪网 – 我们要自觉把思想统一到中央精神上来，紧密团结在以胡锦涛同志为总书记的党中央周围，高举中国特色社会主义伟大旗帜，以邓小平理论和“三个代表”重要思想为指导，深入贯彻落实科学发展观，坚持稳中求进的工作总基调，聚精会神搞建设，一心一意谋发展，凝心聚力、攻坚克难，努力维护改革发展稳定的良好局面，奋力夺取全面建设小康社会新胜利，加快推进社会主义现代化，以优异成绩迎接党的十八大胜利召开。
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